Benefits of Patchouli (Pogestemon cablin Benth)

Patchouli (Pogestemon cablin Benth) is one of the essential oil crops. Patchouli oil has a strategic potential in the world market as a binder in the fragrant aroma of perfume and cosmetics. Patchouli oil export prospects is quite large in line with the increasing demand for perfumes and cosmetics, fashion trends and not the development of substitute materials in patchouli oil perfume and cosmetics industry.

Patchouli originated from tropical regions of Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia and Filipinos, as well as India, South America and China. In Indonesia, patchouli production centers in the province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam and North Sumatra. As the largest producer of patchouli oil, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Province contributes 70% of national production.

Patchouli oil is one of the essential oils used in perfume industry, soap and cosmetics in addition it can also be used as a pesticide manufacturing plant. While the remaining waste from the distillation of a number ranging 40-50% of raw materials can be used as materials for incense, mosquito coils, and fertilizer plants or mulch. Furthermore, the water remaining after the distillation of patchouli oil is concentrated can still be used as an aroma therapy.

Patchouli oil is obtained from the distillation of the leaves, stems and branches of plants patchouli. The highest oil content contained in the leaves with alcohol patchauoly main content ranging between 30-50%. The aroma of fresh and distinctive and have a strong fixation power, difficult to be replaced by synthetic materials. The main importing countries are the United States, France, Britain, Germany, Holland, Japan and Australia.

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