The Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infection is an infection caused by various bacteria, both gram-positive and gram-negative. The infection is found in all ages, in men and women. Symptoms vary from mild to severe and the infection can progress if left untreated can even endanger the lives of sufferers.

The diagnosis can be established by clinical and laboratory. Diagnosis is confirmed by laboratory examination to determine the etiology and microbiology can be tested at the same time sensitivity to various antibiotics.

Escherichia coli is a bacterium gram-negative often reported as the most common cause of urinary tract infections. However, recent gram-positive bacteria were beginning to show a rising trend as a cause of urinary tract infections, including Staphylococcus aureus and Staph. saprophyticus.

Staphylococcus aureus is a highly virulent bacterium that can cause infections, including urinary tract, especially in patients with
'Indwelling catheters. " In the pre-antibiotic era, Staphylococcus aureus causes infections that cause abscesses haematogenous renal cortex and perinefric. In the era of antibiotics, the bacteria associated with urinary tract manipulation, including urinary tract catheterization, and antibiotic use.

Staphylococcus saprophyticus is the second most frequent cause of urinary tract infections in young adult women. Although it has been found that penicillin-resistant strains, but the organism is sensitive to most other antibiotics.

Staphylococcus saprophyticus belong to the coagulase-negative staphylococci, did not ferment mannitol and resistant to novobiosin. Growth is not as fast or Staph.aureus E.coli in the urine or routine culture media.

Gram-negative bacteria are most found is E.coli. Data suggests that about 90% of urinary tract infections caused by E. coli.

1 comment:

  1. I just went to the ER, because I am not peeing. I was thinking something is wrong with the function of my kidneys. They said that I have a UTI. I probably do, because I have had them since I was 12, but WHY am I not peeing? They said my kidney function is ok but did they run several blood tests to say for 100% that my kidneys are ok? I doubt that. We are talking about the local ER here. Thanks, @Rimi from ADULT DIAPERS