4.1.12

Beware of the dangers of narcotics & drugs

Cases of abuse of narcotics and other additives in the last year increased sharply. At first glance, the use of narcotics and drug abuse occur evenly in all circles the community. From the top to street children, especially among teenagers and students.

In Hawaii and the United methamphetamine known as “ice”, in Korea and Philippines called “glass”, while in Japan known as “Shabu”. The term used for the amphetamine group of drugs that are have structural limitations in clinical use but are very potential to be toxic addiction and misused. Betafenilisopropilamin class is the basic form of the class of amphetamines and was first synthesized in 1887

Amphetamine widely used clinically for the treatment of narcolepsy, Attention Defict Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD), and obesity. But the efficacy and safety are still controversial in some countries and its use is prohibited.

For narcolepsy recommended dose is between 20-60 mg / day. In ADHD doses ranged from 2.5 to 40 mg / day. While on obesity, amphetamine often lead to addiction and abuse. In a short time clearly suppress appetite, but if there will be a long-term tolerance to the effects of anorexia.

Amphetamine is a powerful stimulant to the central nervous system by the action of alpha and beta adrenergic receptors in peripheral sympathomimetic drugs mimic indirect. In the central nervous amphetamine stimulates the cerebral cortex, striatum, limbic system and brain stem.

In humans with small or moderate doses (5-15mg) will affect the central nervous system with symptoms:
- Increased vigilance
- Increased locomotor activity
- Improve mood
- Lowering of appetite
- Euphoria

On the use of a single high dose (> 20-30 mg) or continuous use of small doses over several days amphetamine can induce a state of toxic psychosis characterized by:
- Thought delusional
- Hallucinations hear

These symptoms are closely associated with an acute paranoid schizophrenic.

On the use of high dose will cause:
- Convulsions
- Movement of stereotyped
- Psychosis

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